Misinformation by the Somali National Movement, a rebel movement against Siad Barre’s Somalia, caused this elementary school in northern Somalia to be bombed. They falsely reported it to ethiopian officials as a weapons bunker/military headquarters. Over 30 children died.
The 1984 Borama Air Raid: How misinformation caused a Borama elementary school to be destroyed.
In 1984, Somalia and Ethiopia were fighting a post-1977 Ogaden “cold” war, by funding rebel groups in the opposing country. Mengistu Haile Mariam (then president of Ethiopia) funded the Somali National Movement in the north of Somalia, and Siad Barre ( then president of Somalia) funded the Western Somali Liberation Front, and the Somali Abo Liberation Front (a pro-Oromo movement).
The rebel movements would pose significant threats to the other’s nation, causing instability and violence in multiple regions.
Unfortunately on January 31st, 1984, one of these air raids struck an elementary school in Borama, Awdal, where over 30 children perished.
The Somali National Movement, one of the rebel groups against Siad Barre’s Somalia, informed their Ethiopian patrons that the Borama elementary school was a weapons depot for Siad Barre, and needed air cover in order to loot a nearby military base. Ethiopia then provided the necessary Air cover, but sadly destroyed the school and its students.
The raids against Borama and Goroyo-Awl were reported as one of the worst military encounters between Ethiopia and Somalia.
Radio Mogadishu broadcasted, in 1984 an emergency announcement by the Somali Defense Ministry that schools, homes, places of businesses, were the targets of USSR MiG-21 and MiG-23 fighter bombers, being operated by Ethiopia.
“These planes also targeted Goroyo Awl, an Awdal village that contained a Somalia military base, a site of SNM raids.” Little damage was reported, and the Ethiopian offenders were pushed back by the air defense forces and Somali military.
As the 37th-anniversary approaches, a small memorial is expected to be held in January of 2021, following covid 19 measures in Borama, Awdal.
Here are the names of the students that passed away on that dark day. May they rest in peace.
Victims of 1984 January Joint Ethiopian-SNM bombing raid on Borama. The first 1-11 listed here are pictured above.
|1. Ilyas Ibrahim Maydhane||12||4|
|2. Ismail Muse Tuubeh||13||4|
|3. Abadir Ibrahim Haji||11||4|
|4. Ahmed Idris Ibrahim||12||4|
|5. Ahmed Ibrahim Bookh||12||4|
|6. Ubah Omar Maydhane||10||3|
|7. Anisa Dahir Atayeh||10||3|
|8. Mahmoud Mohamed Dahir||10||3|
|9. Yasin Dahir Ibrahim||10||3|
|10. Abdi Hassan Ali||9||3|
|11. Abdi Ahmed Yusuf||10||4|
|12. Hussain Mohamed Nur||12||3|
|13. Sa’ada Abdulle Farah||10||3|
|14. Mohamed Hasan Farah||10||3|
|15. Naima Mohamed Hirsi||10||3|
|16. Rashid Husain ‘Ige||10||3|
|17. Abdi Ismail Hassan||11||3|
|18. Mohamed Aw Adan Abdi||8||2|
|19. AbdiRizak Sheikh Mohamed||10||2|
|20. Sahra Aden||6||1|
|21. Faduma Kadarag||6||1|
|22. Faiza Ibrahim Muse||12||4|
|23. Hibo Ahmed AliYey||11||4|
|24. Mohamed Hassan Handuley||13||4|
|25. Hinda Ahmed Elmi||10||3|
|26. Hibo Barkhad Qayad||9||3|
|27. Deqa Yusuf ‘Ige||10||3|
|28. Mustafa Ilmi Weyrah||9||2|
|29. Abdulahi Nuur Omar||14||8|
|30. Ahmed Abdi Barre||11||3|
|31. Warla Elmi Subagle||9||3|
|32. Su’ad Ali Obsiye||14||7|
|33. Ruqiya Maydane Mohamed||10||2|
|34. Mohmed Idris Mi’aad||8||2|
|35. Khadra Mohamed Hirsi||9||2|
|36. Qayad Bakhrad Qayad||11||4|
|37. Fadumo Kudarag||6||1|
Figure 2. ” SIGNIFICANT POLITICAL-MILITARY DEVELOPMENTS IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA “. In the third paragraph, In 1984, the Somali government reported ground and air attacks from the Somali National Movement and Ethiopian forces in the areas of Awdal.
Figure 3. An approved CIA document titled “Somalia: Threats to stability”, details tribal rebel movements against Siad Barre. Published in 1985, it states that earlier ( in 1984) Ethiopia and the SNM conducted Air supported cross border raids into Somalia.
Figure 4.1 and 4.2: “Arms and Aggressions in the horn of Africa” On September 15th, 1985, Somalia made a public military broadcast on government radio
condemning Ethiopia and their funded rebels, against previous attacks they made on Awdal, Mudug, and North West regions of Somalia, fully holding Ethiopia/Rebel groups responsible for these events.
Figure 5. Below shows Ethiopian and Somali troop/postings.
A brief documentary about the events here in the Somali language.
Documentary on the 1984 Borama Massacre ( Part 2 ) pic.twitter.com/oA3vYSfsFd
— Halgan Media (@Free_Somaliweyn) January 31, 2018